There is a lot of written material telling about the functionality
and use of GAP, providing information about algorithmic
background and giving hints for writing own GAP code.
There are some tools for searching the Forum Archive, some manuals, and
the web site e. g. for user entered key words.
For the users of GAP we provide a
giving a first introduction to the system and a
with complete descriptions of all library functions and examples of
their use. Most essential changes from previous GAP
releases are described in the document called
'Changes from Earlier Versions'.
Each GAP package has its individual manual which you can
access through the list of Packages.
A list of pointers to all these package manuals is also given on the page
In addition to the
mentioned above there is a variety of material intended to help people
to learn on their own the GAP language and the use of
the GAP system. We have tried to organize links to such
material somewhat according to the level and intended audience on the
page quoted in the heading.
GAP has been used in several places to support the
teaching of a variety of courses. We are grateful to the colleagues
who allowed us to point to some course material of such courses and
we would appreciate to obtain access to further such material.
We hope that this can be helpful to colleagues intending a
similar use of GAP, but it may also be used by
students studying the topics of such courses.
On this page we have collected links to descriptions of various
applications of GAP, some of them in rather unexpected
Some examples of the use of GAP from papers and talks,
contributed by different authors, have been worked out in detail and
are listed on the page quoted in the heading. Of course, the examples
of this list cover only a small part of the functionality of
GAP. You can find many further ones by browsing
through the GAP
in the slides and handouts of
and in the papers listed in the
of publications quoting GAP.
The correspondence that has taken place in the
has been kept in the Forum Archive.
A good deal of this correspondence concerns questions how to solve
problems using GAP and the answers given by other users
or developers. These may be of help for further problems. The
GAP Forum Archive can be searched by date, senders'
names, or certain keywords. Note that in particular early Forum
correspondence is likely to concern GAP 3 rather than
This is a collection of some preprints of papers as well as handouts
and slides from talks related to GAP or, in a few cases,
more widely to computational group theory. Note that some earlier of
these texts still refer to GAP 3 rather than
We maintain a bibliography of papers citing GAP. Some of
these papers describe applications of GAP, others
algorithmic methods that are implemented in GAP. We hope
that looking at these papers will be helpful for users and we ask that
you help us to keep this bibliography up to date by sending us the
bibliographical data of your own publications citing GAP.
Please have a look at the page on
Note that some of the listed papers may still refer to use of
GAP 3 rather than GAP 4.
References for Methods of Computational
This offers some information on the mathematical background of the
methods implemented in GAP and its packages. It provides
some annotated references to books and survey articles on computational
group theory and neighbouring fields.
The 'History' page provides some documents (prefaces of previous
releases and 'Interim Reports') that mark steps of the development of